Posted inAncient Egypt, Ancient Greece

The Frenzied Life of Ptolemy Ceraunus, the Man Who Ended the Last Successor of Alexander the Great

He was disinherited from the Egyptian throne, organized an expedition to overthrow his brother-in-law in Thrace, murdered the ally who helped him, married his own stepsister, killed her children, briefly ruled in Macedonia, and ultimately lost his life because, in his reckless impetuosity, he did not wait for reinforcements in his last battle, ending with […]

Posted inAncient Egypt, Prehistory

The Enigmatic Merimde Culture, the Origin of Egyptian Civilization

Although we are accustomed to reading about Egyptian kings and great pharaohs, about gigantic monuments such as pyramids and mastabas, Egyptian civilization did not emerge out of nowhere but developed from prehistoric cultures around the Nile Delta. The oldest, and perhaps one of the most enigmatic, which is considered the origin of the later Egyptian […]

Posted inAncient Egypt

The Best Preserved Temple in Egypt Was Saved Because It Was Buried 12 Meters Under the Sand

When Auguste Mariette, who had been sent eight years earlier by the Louvre Museum to Egypt in search of ancient manuscripts, was appointed Conservator of Monuments by the Egyptian government in 1858, he initiated a frenetic excavation activity. In 1860 alone, he directed more than 35 new excavations while also maintaining the ones already started. […]

Posted inAncient Egypt

Amyrtaeus, the Only Pharaoh of the Unique 28th Egyptian Dynasty That Ended Persian Domination

Although it is difficult to establish an exact number due to periods of significant political confusion, it is generally agreed that around three hundred pharaohs reigned over Ancient Egypt, spread across thirty-three dynasties. Of these, the most unique was likely the 28th, literally so, since it had only one ruler: Psamtik V, better known as […]

Posted inAncient Egypt

The Canopus Decree, the Inscription that Attested to the Existence of Ancient Heracleion and Created the Leap Years

The famous Rosetta Stone, which enabled the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphs, was found by Napoleon’s troops who invaded Egypt in 1799. It wouldn’t be long before many other similar steles and inscriptions began to appear, all with texts in two languages (Egyptian and Greek) and three writing systems (hieroglyphs, demotic, and Greek). The Rosetta Stone […]

Posted inAncient Egypt

The First Known Strike in History Was Held in Ancient Egypt Because Ramesses III Delayed With Wages

Year 29, second month of the Inundation, day 10. Today the work squad crossed the walls of the necropolis [the checkpoint] shouting, “We are hungry!” Eighteen days have passed in this month [since the men] sat behind the funerary temple of Thutmose III. This paragraph corresponds to what is known as the Strike Papyrus, preserved […]