Posted inScience

The Extinction of Passenger Pigeons, the World’s Most Abundant Birds Darkened the Sky with Flocks 500 Kilometers Long

Passenger pigeons, scientifically known as Ectopistes migratorius, were once the most abundant birds in North America, and possibly the world. Their name, derived from the French passager meaning “passenger”, reflects their migratory habits. These birds traveled in enormous flocks that, according to historical accounts, darkened the sky during their passage, and their wing beats produced […]

Posted inArchaeology, Culture

The Anasazi Used Conch Shells as Trumpets to Communicate 1,000 Years Ago

Research into senses and perceptions can greatly enrich our understanding of human experiences in the past. In recent decades, sensory studies have gained ground in archaeology, allowing researchers to explore new ways to understand how people experienced and related to ancient landscapes. An interdisciplinary team has just published a fascinating study using Geographic Information Systems […]

Posted inAge of Exploration

The Story of Peter Minuit, the Settler who Bought Manhattan in Exchange for Teapots, Hoes, Necklaces, and Other Objects

On May 24, 1626, one of the most famous real estate transactions in history took place: the director-general of New Netherland, a colony of the United Provinces of the Netherlands located in the northeast of America, bought the island called Manhattan from the Lenni-Lenape Indians for sixty florins. The location was used to establish the […]

Posted inModern Era

Quasi-War, the undeclared conflict that pitted the United States against France between 1798 and 1800

A few days were enough for Esteban to realize that Víctor Hugues had been overly optimistic in telling him that the journey from Cayenne to Paramaribo, at such times, was an easy undertaking. Jeannet, envious of Guadeloupe’s prosperity, also had his privateers: small, rapacious captains, without the charisma or stature of an Antoine Fuët, who […]