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Expedition Discovers More than 100 Astonishing New Species in Chile’s Coastal Seamounts

An international team of scientists, led by Dr. Javier Sellanes of Chile’s Universidad Católica del Norte, may have discovered over 100 new species living on the undersea mountains off the coast of Chile. The recent expedition by the Schmidt Ocean Institute allowed researchers to identify several potentially new species, including deep sea corals, glass sponges, […]

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Giant Predatory Worm Fossils More Than 500 Million Years Old Discovered in Northern Greenland

Scientists have uncovered fossils of a new group of predatory animals from the Early Cambrian Sirius Passet locality in northern Greenland. Dating back over 518 million years, these large worms were potentially some of the first animal carnivores to inhabit the water column, revealing a dynasty of hunters previously unknown to science. The new fossil […]

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The Secrets of Vocalization and Sounds Emitted by Midshipman Fish Discovered by Researchers

The midbrain of the vocal Plainfin midshipman fish, sometimes called the “singing fish of California”, plays an important role in initiating and patterning the trains of sounds used in vocal communication. It turns out the midbrain of these fish can be a useful model for how mammals and other vertebrates, including humans, control vocal expressions, […]

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Researchers Uncover Elephants Giving Each Other Unique Names, a Trait Previously Exclusive to Humans

The use of proper names to refer to other individuals is a universal feature of human language. However, few similar examples are found in other species. While dolphins and parrots address others by imitating their calls, human names do not imitate the sounds that people typically make. Researchers in Animal Behavior studied the vocal communications […]

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Endangered Green Sea Turtles Face Extinction Risk Due to Pollution, Resulting in Male Offspring Decline

The Green Sea Turtle, Chelonia mydas, is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Their endangerment is attributed to factors such as poaching, boat collisions, habitat destruction, and accidental capture in fishing gear. However, a more insidious threat linked to climate change exacerbates the situation: green sea turtles have temperature-dependent sex determination, meaning […]

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Chimpanzees Already Use a War Tactic Known Only to Humans

New research from West Africa suggests our closest evolutionary relatives, chimpanzees, use a battlefield tactic previously thought to be unique to humans. Scientists have discovered that chimpanzees will climb hills near territorial borders to surveil rival groups in a strategic manner similar to ancient human military scouts. Researchers studied two neighboring chimpanzee communities living in […]

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Researchers Trace 60 Million Years of Elephant Evolution and How Humans May Be their Downfall

In 2013, paleontologist Bill Sanders from the University of Michigan received an intriguing invitation. An international team of researchers studying fossils in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates had uncovered something in the desert they wanted him to see. Sanders had devoted his career since the 1980s to investigating proboscideans, the order of huge plant-eating mammals […]