Posted inScience

The Extinction of Passenger Pigeons, the World’s Most Abundant Birds Darkened the Sky with Flocks 500 Kilometers Long

Passenger pigeons, scientifically known as Ectopistes migratorius, were once the most abundant birds in North America, and possibly the world. Their name, derived from the French passager meaning “passenger”, reflects their migratory habits. These birds traveled in enormous flocks that, according to historical accounts, darkened the sky during their passage, and their wing beats produced […]

Posted inScience, Stone Age Archaeology

For 300,000 Years, Humans Dressed in Cave Bear Skins and Competed with Them for the Same Caves… Until there were None Left

Humans started using cave bear skins 320,000 years ago, and with the appearance of Homo sapiens in Europe 45,000 years ago, hunting pressure on the animal intensified until Ursus spelaeus became extinct 24,000 years ago. Standing 1.70 meters tall at the shoulder and up to 3.5 meters in length, the cave bear was much larger […]

Posted inArchaeology, Science

Fossils of the Common Ancestor of Scorpions, Spiders and Horseshoe Crabs Discovered in a Moroccan Site

Modern scorpions, spiders, and horseshoe crabs belong to a vast family of arthropods that first appeared on Earth around 540 million years ago. More specifically, they are part of a subgroup known as chelicerates, which are characterized by their pincer-like appendages used for feeding, dragging prey, or injecting venom. Identifying the ancient ancestors of this […]

Posted inArchaeology

Paleontologists Find a Marine Reptile More than 25 Meters Long, the Largest Known Ichthyosaur

A team of researchers, led by Dean R. Lomax from the University of Bristol and the University of Manchester in the UK, recently published a study in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. They discovered a new species of ichthyosaur, a type of ancient marine reptile, that was likely the largest marine reptile ever formally described. […]

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Huge Fossilized Bones Found Throughout Europe are from a Gigantic Ichthyosaur Hitherto Unknown

In 1850, a British scientist named Samuel Stutchbury made an unusual discovery. While exploring a fossil site near Bristol, England, he found a large cylindrical bone fragment. Since then, similar bone pieces have been uncovered in different places across Europe, including parts of Germany and France. Over 200 million years ago, the areas where these […]

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Tiktaalik, a 375-Million-Year-Old Fish, is the Missing Link to Vertebrates Walking Out of Water

Even before fins evolved into legs, our ancient ancestors’ skeletons were changing in ways that would help them support their bodies on land. A team of scientists, including a biologist from Penn State University, have created a new reconstruction of Tiktaalik, a 375 million year old fossil fish considered one of our closest relatives that […]

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Spielberg Was Right: Study Shows Five Triceratops Lived and Died Together

In the summer of 2013, a team of archaeologists from the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands were excavating in Wyoming, searching for a Tyrannosaurus Rex. Instead, they made a remarkable discovery – not one, but several Triceratops fossils. This famous three-horned dinosaur with the large frill around its neck was found, not just once, […]

Posted inArchaeology

Paleontologists Find the Fossil of a Giant Dolphin from 16 Million Years Ago in Amazonia

Discovering the Largest Fossil River Dolphin in the Amazonian Basin In the vast and enigmatic Amazon rainforest, a team of international researchers has made a remarkable discovery that sheds new light on the ancient aquatic life that once thrived in this region. The team, led by the University of Zurich (UZH), has uncovered the largest […]

Posted inArchaeology

Paleontologists Discover 240-Million-Year-Old “Chinese Dragon”

Scientists have unveiled a remarkably complete fossil of a specialized reptile named Dinocephalosaurus that swam the oceans 240 million years ago during the Triassic Period. This bizarre creature measured over 16 feet long and boasted an extremely elongated neck containing 32 individual vertebrae – more than any other known species from the Triassic. This enabled […]