Posted inAncient Rome

Grotta di Cocceio, the First Great Road Tunnel in the World, Built by the Romans in 36 BC

Between the years 37 and 36 BCE, Marco Vipsanius Agrippa, personal friend and right-hand man of Emperor Augustus, established the foundation of the most important Roman fleet (the classis Misenensis) at Portus Iulius, built for this purpose between Baiae and Puteoli (modern-day Pozzuoli in the Gulf of Naples) by the engineer Lucius Cocceius Auctus. Authors […]

Posted inAncient Rome

Aqua Augusta, the Great Work of Roman Hydraulic Engineering that Supplied more than 10 Cities, Including Pompeii and Herculaneum

Between the years 33 and 12 BC, one of the largest and most complex Roman aqueducts was constructed, known as the Aqua Augusta. Later called the Serino Aqueduct (because it starts in the town of that name), it was actually a genuine network that supplied water to cities in the Bay of Naples and several […]

Posted inAncient Rome, Geography

Marmore, the Highest Artificial Waterfall in the World, Created by the Romans in 271 BC

At the end of the long Valnerina Valley, near the town of Marmore in the Italian region of Umbria, there’s a 165-meter-high waterfall divided into three drops, one of the tallest in Europe. A portion of the Velino River’s flow, originating from Lake Piediluco, plunges down the falls before joining the Nera River. Over centuries, […]

Posted inHistory

Ximen Bao, the Hydraulic Engineer who Created China’s First Irrigation Canal System and Abolished Human Sacrifices

Ximen Bao was a politician and philosopher who lived in the state of Wei between the 4th and 5th centuries BCE, during Ancient China’s Antiquity. He gained fame for two things: abolishing human sacrifices made in honor of Hebo (god of the Yellow River) and being considered the country’s first hydraulic engineer. He achieved the […]