Posted inAntiquity

The Small North African Elephants, Now Extinct, with Which Hannibal Crossed the Alps

Animals have accompanied humans in warfare practically since the domestication of dogs, serving as combat vehicles of the era, alongside chariots, horses, camels, and elephants. The latter can be considered the tanks of bygone times and are often depicted in illustrations and films, though almost always inaccurately: illustrations typically show them as enormous, the typical […]

Posted inIron Age Archaeology

Remains of a Devastating Fire from 2200 Years Ago, Set by Hannibal’s Troops En Route to the Alps, Found at a Site in Spain

Archaeologists have unearthed the charred remnants of an ancient settlement in the Pyrenees, providing a rare glimpse into a catastrophic event from over two millennia ago. This settlement, known as Tossal de Baltarga, was incinerated so swiftly and violently that the inhabitants had no chance to save their livestock or valuable belongings. The ruins of […]

Posted inAntiquity

The Story of the Phoenician Sarcophagi of Cádiz and the “Man Who Was Never Thanked”

In 1887, on the occasion of the celebration of the International Maritime Exhibition in Cádiz (Spain), the dismantling of the grounds where it would be located took place at the so-called Punta de la Vaca. In the excavations, a necropolis with several Phoenician-Punic burials was discovered, about five meters deep, whose grave goods disappeared at […]

Posted inAncient Rome

“Carthago delenda est” and “Carthago servanda est”, the phrases of Cato and Scipio in favor and against the Third Punic War

Throughout the year 147 B.C., Roman senators became accustomed to attending a duel of clichés with which two obstinate political opponents always concluded their speeches. One was Cato the Elder, a defender of the most traditional values, who systematically ended his speeches exclaiming “Carthago delenda est” (Carthage must be destroyed). The other, Publius Cornelius Scipio […]