Posted inModern Era

Why Did Armies Fight In Lines? (Video)

In the annals of early modern warfare, the line formation emerged as a standard tactical arrangement that revolutionized the way armies engaged in battle. This formation, which found its roots in the ancient phalanx and medieval shield wall, involved arranging infantry soldiers armed with polearms in several ranks, typically ranging from two to five, with […]

Posted inClassical Archaeology

First-Ever Discovery of “Pila Fossata”, Intact Defensive Wooden Stakes of the Roman Army in Germany

After successfully concluding archaeological research campaigns at two Roman military camps near Bad Ems, the findings and discoveries have been presented to the public in Mainz. For the first time, researchers have managed to recover sharply pointed wooden stakes from a Roman defensive trench (1st century AD) virtually intact. So far, this defense technique and […]

Posted inSecond World War

Hitoshi Imamura, the General Convicted of War Crimes who Compensated Victims and Had a Prison Cell Built in his Garden

Hitoshi Imamura was a Japanese general who, at the end of World War II, was prosecuted for war crimes committed by soldiers under his command against Allied prisoners in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. He was sentenced to ten years in prison, a relatively mild punishment compared to other military members because he was […]

Posted inModern Era, Second World War

The Story of the Two Japanese Officers who Competed to See who Could Kill 100 Prisoners with their Swords First

On January 28, 1948, two prisoners were executed in Yuhuatai, an urban district of the Chinese city of Nanjing. Their names were Tsuyoshi Noda and Toshiaki Mukai, both Japanese, the same age -thirty-six- and convicted for the same reason: war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the infamous Nanjing Massacre, in which the Imperial […]

Posted inClassical Archaeology

The Residence of the Prefect of the Roman Tyrrhenian Fleet, from where Pliny the Elder would have seen the Vesuvius Eruption, uncovered

In an area already protected by ministerial archaeological restrictions due to the density of ancient testimonies scattered around Punta Sarparella, in Bacoli, from the entrance to the Roman theater of Misenum, passing through the sacellum of the Augustales, to the inner basin of the ancient port, an archaeological discovery of excepcional importance has been made. […]