Posted inStone Age Archaeology

Archaeologists Discover Threshing Sledges were already Used in Neolithic Greece in 6500 B.C., about 3000 Years Earlier than Previously Thought

Used until a few decades ago to separate straw from grain in many Mediterranean countries, from Turkey to Spain, the threshing sledge may have appeared in Greece as early as 6500 B.C. This is affirmed by a recent study conducted by an international team of researchers, led by the University of Pisa, which, by applying […]

Posted inStone Age Archaeology

Europe’s Oldest Plough Marks Discovered, Testifying the Use of Animals in Agriculture 7000 Years Ago

Researchers have made an archaeological discovery that changes our understanding of prehistoric agriculture in Europe. Excavations at the Anciens Arsenaux site in Sion, Switzerland, have revealed evidence that Neolithic farmers were using animal traction to pull plows from 5,100 to 4,700 years ago. This discovery predates by nearly a millennium what were previously the oldest […]

Posted inStone Age Archaeology

Vittrup Man, Found in a Bog in Denmark, Went from Gatherer to Farmer Before Being Sacrificed in 3200 BC

Scientists have created a detailed biography of a Stone Age man’s life through new scientific methods. A Swedish-Danish research team from the University of Gothenburg can now say they have traced where the “Vittrup Man”, a bog body found in Denmark, traveled during his lifetime. The Vittrup Man was discovered in 1915. His skull had […]

Posted inStone Age Archaeology

6000 Years Ago, the Oldest Cities in Europe Ensured their Food with Cereals and Peas, without the Need for Meat

Around 6,000 years ago in the forest steppe region northwest of the Black Sea (now part of Ukraine and Moldova), massive settlements began emerging as part of the Trypillia culture. Known as megasites, some of these earliest farming communities sprawled across up to 320 hectares, with populations of around 15,000 people. Experts believe these were […]

Posted inClassical Archaeology

Three qanat systems built by the Parthians and the Sassanids in Iraq between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD uncovered in Iraq

Professor Ali Obeid Shilgam, the Director General of the Department of Archaeological Research in Iraq, announced the findings during archaeological survey work in the Diyala region, where three qanat systems dating from the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD were uncovered. Qanats, also known as underground aqueducts, are among the oldest irrigation systems […]

Posted inFirst World War, Science

The chemical process invented to manufacture explosives that today feeds one-third of the world’s population

If I review the term Haber Process and accompany it with descriptive words such as industry, ammonia, nitrogen, fertilizer, and energy consumption, it is almost inevitable that most people will picture factories working non-stop, emitting columns of smoke into the air through their long chimneys, and ultimately polluting the environment. And there is certainly some […]