Posted inIron Age Archaeology

Analysis Reveals Three Cases of Down Syndrome in Iron Age Spain, More than 2,500 Years Ago

An international investigation that has analyzed the genome of nearly 10,000 ancient individuals in search of chromosomal trisomies has identified six cases of Down syndrome, all of them in babies: five from between 5,000 and 2,500 years ago and one from a more recent period. Three of the prehistoric cases come from sites of the […]

Posted inStone Age Archaeology

Prehistoric Fishing Net with Remains of Ropes and Knots, and Artifacts Made of Organic Materials, Found in Southern Finland

Researchers from the University of Turku have conducted excavations at the Järvensuo 1 lake site, located in southern Finland, obtaining findings that shed light on the Paleolithic communities of the region. The site, occupied between 6000 and 2000 BCE, is preserved under peat bogs and has provided numerous organic remains, which are uncommon in the […]

Posted inClassical Archaeology

The Small Island of Fraile, in Southeast Spain, Discovered to Have Been an Important Commercial Center in Roman Times

The Island of Fraile is a small island of 6.2 hectares located off the coast of present-day Águilas (Murcia, Spain), a city founded after the Roman conquest of the area and heavily transformed during the Augustan period (between 45 and 14 AD). The island was inhabited for many millennia: in Antiquity, it was a center […]

Posted inAntiquity

The Edicts of Ashoka, the Maurya Emperor who Renounced Violence in Horror at his Military Campaigns

Ashoka Vardhana, the third Mauryan emperor (the first great unified empire of India), has gone down in history for converting to Buddhism after witnessing the massacres resulting from the campaign he initiated to conquer the neighboring kingdom of Kalinga. His story is told in thirty-three edicts that he himself promulgated, ordering them to be spread […]

Posted inAge of Exploration

Amakusa Shiro, the Teenage Messiah who Led the Rebellion Against the Persecution of Christians in 17th Century Japan

When we talk about persecution of Christianity, usually the image that comes to mind is that of the Roman Empire, with Roman Christians identifying themselves incognito through drawings of the Chi-Rho or a schematic fish. However, in late 16th century Japan, a similar situation was also experienced. In 1587, the daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the unifier […]

Posted inMedieval Archaeology

Archaeologists may have Found a Viking-Era Market in a Norwegian Farmhouse

Klosterøy, a picturesque island in southwest Norway, boasts a treasure trove of cultural history. Among its notable landmarks is Norway’s best-preserved medieval monastery, drawing visitors to explore its ancient allure. In September 2023, archaeologists embarked on groundbreaking ground-penetrating radar surveys, unveiling promising results that fueled excitement among researchers. Their discoveries hinted at a potentially significant […]

Posted inMedieval Archaeology

Sassanian Empire-Era Structures and Artifacts Discovered in the City of Najaf in Iraq

The General Authority of Antiquities and Heritage of Iraq announced the discovery of remains of buildings and a variety of objects at the site of Tell al-Badu, south of the city of Najaf (Najaf al-Ashraf). The director of the Excavation Department of the Authority, Soheil al-Tamimi, explained that the local mission has uncovered parts of […]

Posted inGeography

Puncak Jaya, the Highest Island Mountain in the World and the Highest Point on Earth Between the Himalayas and the Andes

Due to its geographical location, between Southeast Asia and Australia in the Pacific Ocean and south of the equator, the island of New Guinea has a tropical climate with average temperatures of about 24 degrees Celsius all year round. However, it also has high peaks where temperatures can drop below zero, with abundant rainfall. One […]