The irreverent letter the Cossacks wrote to the Ottoman Sultan in 1676

Cossacks were a social and military group that by the 10th century settled in southern Russia and present-day Ukraine. They had a Turkic origin and had arrived with hordes of Mongol invasions in the area, settling there permanently. Famous for their combat skills and military strategy, they gradually integrated and mixed with other ethnic groups…Continue readingThe irreverent letter the Cossacks wrote to the Ottoman Sultan in 1676

The sinking of the San Diego, the Spanish galleon that carried Japanese mercenaries to stop a Dutch invasion

Maybe you’ve heard of Franck Goddio. He is a submarine archaeologist, born in Morocco but of French nationality, who a couple of decades ago discovered the location of the Egyptian city of Heracleion under sea and has also directed some important excavations around Alexandria. But, above all, he has become famous for his work on…Continue readingThe sinking of the San Diego, the Spanish galleon that carried Japanese mercenaries to stop a Dutch invasion

How Galileo Galilei made calculations for the Statue of Philip IV in Madrid

Does a sculptor have to resort to mathematics to make a statue? Moreover, would he need a wise man like Galileo Galilei? Well, as incredible as it may seem, that happened in Madrid in the middle of the 17th century: between 1634 and 1640 the Italian artist Pietro Tacca had to ask the famous sage…Continue readingHow Galileo Galilei made calculations for the Statue of Philip IV in Madrid

Charles Joseph Bonaparte, who founded the FBI, was Napoleon’s great-nephew

We find relatives of Napoleon everywhere and many of them with interesting lives. For instance, Louis Napoleon was in the French Resistance during the Second World War or Eugenio Luis, son of Napoleon III and the Spanish Eugenia de Montijo, fighting against the Zulus. Today we are going to review the story of another descendant,…Continue readingCharles Joseph Bonaparte, who founded the FBI, was Napoleon’s great-nephew

Miyamoto Musashi, the invincible warrior who won more than 60 duels

Diego García de Paredes, Tlahuicole, Alonso de Contreras, Juan de Dios Aldana, Galvarino… All these names have one thing in common: they were great warriors of the Modern Era. More could be added, of course, and one of those that should not be missing is Miyamoto Musashi, one of the most famous samurai in history,…Continue readingMiyamoto Musashi, the invincible warrior who won more than 60 duels

The plans designed by the German Empire between 1897 and 1903 to invade the United States

That the German Empire had speculated on the possibility of invading the United States before the twentieth century was well known even before the Second World War, since as early as 1940 a German professor named Alfred Vagts published an article reviewing reports about plans to attack some cities on the east coast that he…Continue readingThe plans designed by the German Empire between 1897 and 1903 to invade the United States