Lapis Niger, the shrine where the first known Latin inscription was found, was already a mystery to the Romans themselves

In 1898 the Venetian archaeologist Giacomo Boni was appointed director of the excavations of the Roman Forum at the Italian…

A 4,500-year-old Mesopotamian pillar contains the first deciphered inscription about border disputes

A marble pillar or stele that has been preserved in the British Museum for 150 years bears a cuneiform inscription,…

The Dur-Kurigalzu ziggurat that medieval travelers mistook for the Tower of Babel

In the Iraqi desert, some 30 kilometres west of Baghdad, stands an impressive mound that, at first sight, looks like…

Electrum, the natural gold and silver alloy used to mint the first metal coins

If we were to ask about a metal alloy used since the beginning of history, the unanimous answer would surely…

The Assyrians, the people who built an empire in Mesopotamia 4,000 years ago, still exist

Assyria is the ancient region of northern Mesopotamia around the city of Assur, founded around 2600 BC on the banks…

How did the Persians count their battle casualties?

On April 19, 531 A.D., two fairly evenly matched forces (about 20,000 men on each side) clashed on the banks of the Euphrates near present-day Raqqah in Syria. On one side were the Byzantine troops under the command of Belisarius, and on the other those of the Sassanian Empire led by Azarethes.

10 of the weirdest laws from ancient times

Human progress is measured in many ways. One of them are the laws and rules, which since ancient times flourished…

Pelusium, the battle the Persians won over the Egyptians by throwing cats at them.

Throughout History, men have not had enough of tearing each other apart in an endless number of wars, but they…

Where did the books from the Great Library of Alexandria come from?

The great Library of Alexandria was founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC by Ptolemy I Soter. At…

The 5 Great Last Battles of the Western Roman Empire

Historically, the year 476 A.D. is considered to be the end of the Western Roman Empire, its last emperor being…