The Déri Museum in Debrecen, Hungary, has made a remarkable archaeological discovery after excavations in the locality of Ebes. In November 2023, museum archaeologists unearthed an Avar grave from the 7th century AD that contained the fully preserved remains of a warrior in his armor.

Inside the tomb, the warrior was buried alongside his horse, placed beneath him. However, the most notable aspect of the find was the remains of his funerary equipment: on the skeleton’s bones, a complete lamellar armor was found, along with a wooden quiver with arrows, a sword, and a bow.

The lamellar armor is made up of hundreds of interlocking rectangular plates, a type of armor widely used in Eastern Europe and Asia.

According to current knowledge, this is only the second complete Avar funerary set found in such a well-preserved state. The archaeologists were able to extract the entire set (excluding the horse bones) in a single block.

It is currently in the museum’s restoration workshop for detailed analysis and documentation.

Since the discovery was made on November 20, Rufus Day, experts decided to name the 7th-century warrior “Rufus”.

To publicize this exceptional find, the Déri Museum organized a press conference where Debrecen Mayor László Papp and Councilwoman Erzsébet Katona could visit the newly discovered remains.

This discovery completely rewrites the Avar history of the region in the Early Middle Ages and reinforces Debrecen’s value as a hub for archaeological research in Hungary during that period.

It is one of the best-preserved Avar funerary sets found to date in the country. Its study will provide new insights into the funeral customs and military equipment of this nomadic population that settled in the Pannonian Plain between the 6th and 8th centuries AD.


Déri Múzeum | Déri Múzeum (Facebook)

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